There are a few hard and fast rules that will protect your family and the food you have worked to prepare. My first suggestion is to get a quality book on canning and read it. Lehmanâ€™s has all your canning supplies including the â€œBlue Ball Bookâ€ which many consider the only guide book you need.
Jars and Lids
Do not reuse lids, they come pretreated from the manufacturer with an agent to help them keep their seal.
My Daddy gave me gift of a large canning pressure cooker. I havenâ€™t used it yet, but there is a batch of sauerkraut in the works it will be ideal for.Pickled Cauliflower
1 TB canola oil
1 tsp. cumin seed
1 tsp. coriander seed
2 tsp. curry powder
1 tsp. fresh minced ginger
1 whole clove garlic, smashed
1 head cauliflower, cut into florets
1 cup water
1 cup rice wine vinegar
Â½ cup cider vinegar
3 TB sugar
1 TB pickling salt (no substitute)
Heat the canola oil in a heavy skillet over medium heat. Crush the cumin seed with the coriander seed and add to the pan. Add the curry powder, ginger, and garlic to the pan. Cook these spices, stirring until the oil colors and the spices are fragrant.
Add the cauliflower florets to the pan and toss to coat. In a lidded plastic container, combine the water, rice wine vinegar, cider vinegar, sugar, and pickling salt. Shake to combine. Once the cauliflower is slightly tender, add it to a glass jar. Pour the pickling liquid over the cauliflower, filling to the top of the jar.
Cool, chill, and store the pickles for 1 week to allow the flavors to develop thoroughly.
Yield: 4 servings.
** To process – Heat vinegar mixture to near boil. Pack cauliflower into jars. Pour hot vinegar mixture into jars, leaving Â½” headspace. Cover with lids; screw on bands.
Process jars in hot water bath for 5 minutes; water should cover jars by 1 inch. Remove jars to rack to cool. Test seals. Store in cool, dark place.
Sweet Gherkin Pickles
7 lbs. cucumbers (1Â½ inch or less)
Â½ cup canning or pickling salt
8 cups sugar
6 cups vinegar (5%)
Â¾ tsp. turmeric
2 tsp. celery seeds
2 tsp. whole mixed pickling spice
2 cinnamon sticks
Â½ tsp. fennel (optional)
2 tsp. vanilla (optional)
Yield: 6 to 7 pints
Wash cucumbers. Cut 1/16-inch slice off blossom end and discard, but leave Â¼ inch of stem attached. Place cucumbers in large container and cover with boiling water. Six to 8 hours later, and on the second day, drain and cover with fresh boiling water.
On the third day, drain and prick cucumbers with a table fork. Combine and bring to boil 3 cups vinegar, 3 cups sugar, turmeric, and spices. Pour over cucumbers. Six to 8 hours later, drain and save the pickling syrup. Add another 2 cups each of sugar and vinegar and reheat to boil. Pour over pickles.
On the fourth day, drain and save syrup. Add another 2 cups sugar and 1 cup vinegar. Heat to boil and pour over pickles. Drain and save pickling syrup 6 to 8 hours later. Add 1 cup sugar and 2 tsp. vanilla and heat to boil. Fill sterile pint jars* with pickles and cover with hot syrup, leaving a Â½-inch headspace. Adjust lids and process as below, or use the low-temperature pasteurization treatment described previously.
*To sterilize empty jars, put them right side up on the rack in a boiling water canner. Fill the canner and jars with hot (not boiling) water to 1 inch above the tops of the jars. Boil 11 minutes. Remove and drain hot sterilized jars one at a time.
Recommended Process (Sweet Gherkin Pickles): boiling water bath pints 10 minutes.
Use the following quantities for each gallon capacity of your container.
- 2 cloves garlic (optional)
- 2 dried red peppers (optional)
- 2 tsp. whole mixed pickling spices (optional)
Procedure: Wash cucumbers. Cut 1/16-inch slice off blossom end and discard.
Leave Â¼ inch of stem attached. Place half of dill and spices on bottom of a clean, suitable container. Add cucumbers, remaining dill, and spices.
Dissolve salt in vinegar and water and pour over cucumbers. Add suitable cover and weight. Store where temperature is between 70Â° and 75Â° F for about 3 to 4 weeks while fermenting. Temperatures of 55Â° to 65Â° F are acceptable, but the fermentation will take 5 to 6 weeks. Avoid temperatures above 80Â° F, or pickles will become too soft during fermentation. Fermenting pickles cure slowly.
Check the container several times a week and promptly remove surface scum or mold. Caution: If the pickles become soft, slimy, or develop a disagreeable odor, discard them. Fully fermented pickles may be stored in their original containers for about 4 to 6 months, provided they are refrigerated and surface scum and molds are removed regularly.
Canning fully fermented pickles is a better way to store them. To can them, pour the brine into a pan, heat slowly to a boil, and simmer 5 minutes. Filter brine through paper coffee filters to reduce cloudiness, if desired. Fill jar with pickles and hot brine, leaving a Â½-inch headspace. Adjust lids and process.
Recommended Process (Dill Pickles): boiling water bath pints 15 minutes, quarts 20 minutes.
Combine the sugar, vinegar and water in a large pot, and bring to a boil. Boil for 5 minutes.
Press one or two cloves into each peach, and place into the boiling syrup. Boil for 20 minutes, or until peaches are tender. Spoon peaches into sterile jars and top with liquid to Â½ inch from the rim. Put one cinnamon stick into each jar.
Wipe the rims with a clean dry cloth, and seal with lids and rings. Process in a hot water bath for 10 minutes to seal.
Recommended Process (Pickled Peaches): boiling water bath 8 pints 15 minutes, 4 quarts 20 minutes.
Enjoy canning your produce. Come visit the wonderful
staff at Lehmanâ€™s store, they will get you all set-up and ready to go.